Travelling with kids

Q1 I have a 23 months kid, and I would like to travel with him by airplane, but I’m concerned about his safety in the event of turbulence or an emergency.
A1 The safest place for your little one during turbulence or an emergency is in a government approved child restraint system (CRS) or device, not on your lap; your arms just aren’t capable of holding your child securely, especially when turbulence is unexpected..A CRS is a hard-backed child safety seat that is approved by the government for use in both motor vehicles and aircraft. The GCAA has approved one harness-type restraint appropriate for children weighing between 22 and 44 pounds. The GCAA strongly urges parents and guardians to secure children in an appropriate restraint based on weight and size. Keeping a child in a CRS or device during the flight is the smart and right thing to do .A CRS must be placed in a window seat so it will not block the escape path in an emergency. A CRS may not be placed in an exit row.

Q2 Can I carry Baby Formula, Breast Milk, Juice, and Other Liquids?
A2 Medications, baby formula and food, breast milk, and juice are allowed in reasonable quantities not exceeding 3.4 ounces (100ml) and are not required to be in the zip-top bag. Officers may ask travellers to open these items to conduct additional screening and passengers should declare them for inspection at the checkpoint. You should only carry on the liquids and gels needed for you and your infant/toddler’s immediate comfort. You should pack larger volumes needed for your trip in your checked bag.

Q3 How can I prevent my kids from getting Traveler Diarrhoea?
A3 Travellers’ diarrhoea is caused by a pathogen in unclean food or drink. Here are some useful tips. 
- Avoid eating food or drinking beverage from uncertain origin.
- Avoid eating raw or undercooked meat and seafood.
- Avoid unpasteurized dairy products.
- Don’t drink tap water.
- Bottled water is probably safe, but be sure the cap and seal are not broken.
- Always boil bottle water for children less than 12 months old.
- Bottled carbonated beverages and canned drinks are normally safe.
- For young infants, breastfeeding is the best way to reduce the risk of food- and waterborne illness.
- Travellers should use only purified water for drinking, preparing ice cubes, brushing teeth, and mixing infant formula and foods.
- Scrupulous attention should be paid to hand washing and cleaning pacifiers, teething rings, and toys that fall to the floor or are handled by others.
- When proper hand washing facilities are not available, an alcohol-based hand sanitizer can be used as a disinfecting agent. Alcohol does not remove organic material; visibly soiled hands should be washed with soap and water.
- Fresh dairy products in developing countries may not be pasteurized and may be diluted with untreated water.
- For short trips, parents may want to bring a supply of safe snacks from home for times when the children are hungry and the available food may not be appealing or safe.
- All children should be up-to-date on routine childhood immunizations, as recommended by Health Authority.
- When traveling with young children, be particularly careful about what you allow them to eat and drink ,because diarrhea can be especially dangerous in this age group and because the vaccines for hepatitis A and typhoid fever, which are transmitted by contaminated food and water, are not approved for children under the age two.
- Baby foods and cows’ milk may not be available in developing nations. Only commercially bottled milk with a printed expiration date should be used 
- Young children should be kept well-hydrated and protected from the sun at all times. 
- Be sure to pack a medical kit when traveling with children. In addition to the items listed for adults, bring along plenty of disposable diapers, cream for diaper rash, and appropriate antibiotics for common childhood infections, such as middle ear infections.
- Avoid food and beverages obtained from street vendors.